XIXth century was one of the most complicated centuries for Lithuanian people. Probably never Lithuanian nation was so close to dissapearance as in the XIXth century. There are many questions on this aspect but lets to see to this process from the geographical side (or to be more exact from topography side). We can take any map of Lithuania printed in XIXth century and we will find a lot of towns and other settlements here with the names which aren't native in any way and with the names that people today don't remember: we can find towns and townships with such names as Novoalexandrovsk, Yakubov, Verzhbolovo, Ponedel, Rogov, etc. I can take a map of Kaunas area printed in 1907 and I am finding that this town is surrounded by such townships: Slomianka, Vilki, Aleksandrovka, Kormelov. There are lots of villages with such names as Dorofeevka, Cherkizov, Sokolovshchina, Voishnidovo, etc. Where the hell we are ?
How the process evolved in history ? I am suggesting to illustrate this with the usage of the town name Kaunas and Kowno. I took the images from the site maps4u.
Probably the oldest remaining illlustration of Kaunas is made by Tomasz Makowski about 1600:( 16 images insideCollapse )